The name has a clear pre-Roman root, probably of Dacian origin.
The Roman town was situated in the area of the present day
Zlatna, but it has extensions towards the village of PatrÓnjeni.
There is no information about the possible existence of a
surrounding wall, or the exact location of the necropolis.
A military unit (Numerus Maurorum Hispanorum) was camped near
The territory of Ampelum included the middle and
upper Ampoi valley, as well as the region between Germisara
(nowadays Geoagiu-Bai) and Zlatna (according to recent scholars'
opinion). Many gold mines were located in this area, including
the ones from Bucium and Almasu Mare. Ampelum was the residence
of the "procuratores aurariarum" (the imperial administrators
of the gold mines).
There were many settlements belonging
to the miners of Dalmatian origin (castella Dalmatarum), but
they were part of the mining district and not of the Ampelum
territory. During the 2nd century AD. Ampelum was just a "vicus",
but it became a "municipium" at the beginning of the 3rd century,
probably in the time of the emperor Septimius Severus.
were few archaeological excavations in the area, but the town
was famous for its Roman finds since the Middle Age, and Martin
Opitz wrote about them in his poem "Zlatna".